Recruitment: The employer must agree to engage in independent positive recruitment of U.S. workers. This means an active effort, including newspaper and radio advertising in the areas of expected labor supply.
Wage Rate: The wage or rate of pay must be the same for U.S. workers and H2A workers. The hourly rate must also be at least as high as the applicable Adverse Effect Wage Rate, Federal or State minimum wage or the applicable prevailing hourly wage rate, whichever is higher. If the worker is paid on a piece rate basis and the piece rate does not result in an hourly piece rate earning during the period at least equal to the amount the worker would have earned had the worker been paid at the hourly rate, then the workers pay must be supplemented to the equivalent hourly level.
Housing: The employer must provide free housing to all workers who are not reasonably able to return to their residences the same day. Such housing must be inspected and approved according to standards established by Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
Meals: The employer must provide either three meals a day to each worker or furnish free and convenient cooking and kitchen facilities for workers to prepare their own meals. If meals are provided, then the employer may charge each worker a certain amount per day for the three meals.
Transportation: The employer is responsible for the following type of transportation of workers: (1) After the worker has completed fifty percent of the work contract period, the employer must reimburse the worker the cost of transportation and subsistence from the place of recruitment to the place of work, if such costs were borne by the worker. (2) The employer must provide free transportation between the employers housing and the worksite for any worker who is provided housing. (3) Upon completion of the work contract, the employer must pay reasonable costs of the workers subsistence and return transportation cost to foreign workers or provide transportation. The employer must advance such costs or provide transportation to U.S. workers as well.